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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 12, No. 8, February 1921"

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Simmondsia California . By Carroll De Wilton Scott 
The Bugbear of Snapdragan Rust . By G. R. Gorton 
The Vegetable Garden By Walter Birch 

The Flower Garden By Mary Mathews 

Hardy Ferns By Constance D. Bower 




Landscape Gardener 

Two years general foreman 
Exposition Grounds, 1913-14 

Five years general foreman 
City Park, 1915-20 

Gardens and parks designed, 
planted, maintained. 

Insect and disease pests con- 

Sprinkling systems installed. 

I do tree blasting also 

Prices reasonable — estimates 


1260 UNIV. AVE. 

1 Session's Nursery 

| Session's Nursery Offers j 
1 Cinerarias in choice varieties, 


| assorted, 75c and $1.00 per doz. | 
| After Nov. 15. j 

| Prepare the ground in advance | 

for planting. 


Hillcrest 189-W. 

No. 3 Car line- 
Lewis and Stephens Streets 

Phone, Main 1124 

1201 Broadway, San Diego 


Beacon Hills Nursery 

Landscape Architect and 
General Nurseryman 

Grounds laid out Artistically— None too Large — None too Small 

I carry the largest assortment of Nursery stock in the county, 
including Fruit Trees, Shade Trees, Shrubbery, Roses, Bedding 
Plants, Pot Plants, Ferns, Bulbs and other rare plants seldom 
seen. Full line of Seeds (Flower and Vegetable), Fertilizers, Soil, 
Leafmould, and Insecticides. In fact if you are unable to find what 
you want in my yard, it is doubtful you can find it elsewhere. 
Information Cheerfully Given on All Plant Troubles. 

The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 

One Dollar per Year, Ten Cents per Copy 


Vol. 12 


No. 8 

That Obiquitous Tin Can Again 

Perennially we are smitten with an attack 
of conscience about the ever-increasing piles 
of tin cans on our vacant lots. These attacks 
— usually acute— are salutary; they would be 
more so if they were to become chronic. Per- 
haps then the public appearances of second- 
hand tin cans would be as -.-are as the dodo 
or a five dollar pair of shoes. A tin can is, 
we admit, a very useful thing, — so is a skunk, 
but no one wants either next door to him; 
certainly not by the hundreds. 

It is not recorded that even the manufac- 
turers of these very useful articles have ever 
made any particular claim that they are of 
value after they have given up their contents; 
certainly they were never designed nor in- 
tended for landscaping purposes, or as a cover 
crop, as they are frequently used. One of the 
many claims for distinction which Southern 
California possesses is its beautiful canyons. 
No person with a tenth of one per cent of ar- 
tistic sense will deny that they are to the flat 
uninteresting mesa land, as roses are to cab- 
bages. But following out the simile, because 
the mesas are perhaps more useful for some 
purposes, is it any particular reason why they 
should be improved within an inch of their 
lives, while the canyons are placed in compe- 
tition with the city dumps? As a matter of 

fact we haven't any good reason for this any 
more than we have for biting our finger nails, 
or any other bad habit. Our last alibi is re- 
moved as fast as our cities establish free 
rubbish collecting services, as most of them 
have already done. This was a flimsy excuse 
at best, but now even this is gone. For those 
who must ever reason in dollars and cents, 
there is a practical, commercial aspect to the 
matter. That highly volatile quantity known 
as property values is extremely sensitive to 
such things as canyons and vacant lots em- 
bellished with this alleged goat food. Cer- 
tainly the barometer of prices would record 
in a satisfying way the effect of a successful 
clean-up campaign. Forward the Antitincan 

The point at which we have been rather 
circuitously arriving is that it is the plain 
duty of every individual to interest himself in 
this matter, and to stay interested until every 
bit of rubbish, metal, paper or whatever it 
may be has been picked up and interned 
where it belongs, and the piles of the same 
which now embellish too many of our other- 
wise beauty spots have become a matter of 
history only. The same applies to the sign- 
board, but, as the Walrus said, that is an- 
other story. 


An Englishman has conceived the idea of 
sowing a lawn on strips of canvas and selling 
it already to lay anywhere there is soil to 
receive it. The seed is sown quite generously 
on a thick piece of the material, comes up 
well, very much as it does on the "rag doll" 
seed germination testers advocated by the U. 
S. Department of Agriculture, and when the 
"lawn" becomes well established, the canvas 
is lain directly on the soil in the final loca- 
tion, whereupon the roots push down through 
the canvas, which eventually disintegrates. 
We expect before long to see lawns sold in 
this way by all the department stores — possi- 
bly at the cotton goods counter along with 
the other fine lawn. 


Francis M. Fultz will be heard in San Diego 
in the second lecture of a series of four, un- 
der the auspices of the San Diego Floral Asso- 
ciation on Monday evening, February 21st, at 
8 o'clock, at the First Unitarian Church, Sixth 
and Beech streets. 

The subject chosen is "Camping and 
Tramping in the High Sierras". In this lec- 
ture Mr. Fultz describes the wonderful flora 
of the Sierra Nevadas, as observed and photo- 
graphed on trips with the Sierra Club. This 
talk will be illustrated with stereoptican 
slides in natural color. 

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Simmondsia Californica 

By Carroll De Wilton Scott 

Simmondsia California is a low-and-slow- 
growing shrub of the Lower Sonoran or des- 
ert life zone. It grows most abundantly on 
the arid mountain slopes on the eastern 
boundary of San Diego County. It occurs 
also about San Diego where it prefers dry 
southern exposures. I have not seen it north 
of Del Mar. On the south slopes of Mission 
Valley it grows in immense thickets. 

In his "Southern California Trees and 
Shrubs" Abrams gives its ''Type Locality' as 
"Covering the sides of barren hills in argil- 
laceous isoils near the sea in the vicinity of 
San Diego in Upper California. Under distri- 
bution, he says, "Vicinity of San Diego, 
southward through Lower California and 
eastward to Arizona, Lower Sonoran." 

The requirements of this hardy plant are 
sunshine and a minimum of moisture. It is 
not found in the chaparral belt since it is a 
desert drought-resistant shrub. It occurs 
about San Diego not because it needs cool- 
ness or fog, but on account of our low rain- 
fall and abundant sunshine. That it endures 
considerable cold is evidenced by its thriving 
in the desert mountains. 

The foliage of Simmondsia is bluish green 
in some individuals and yellowish green in 
others, the latter color predominating especi- 
ally in the cold season. In early spring the 
bushes are adorned with yellow catkin-like 
flowers. These are most conspicuous on the 
male plants, for the shrub is dioecious. In 
late August the pistillate plants are laden 
with brown nuts about the size of large pea- 
nuts, enclosed in a stiff brown husk which 
breaks open when .perfectly ripe allowing the 
nuts to fall out. They are gathered assidu- 
ously by mice, squirrels and wood rats. 

The Simmondsia has the distinction of be- 
ing the only edible nut, other than the acorn, 
that grows on the western slope of San Diego 
County. In Lower California it goes by the 
name of "jajobe" or "goat nut". Wickson in 
"California Fruits," says: "Fire-dried seeds 
contain 48.30 per cent of fatty matter; the oil 
is suitable for food and of good quality and 
possesses the immense advantage of not turn- 
ing rancid. In Lower California it is pre- 
pared by boiling water." 

I have not tried boiling the nuts like al- 
monds, but I am sure they would taste good 
if the skin were boiled off and the nut roasted 
and salted. The persistent skin on the nut 
contains a bitter principle that leaves a dis- 
agreeable taste and does not peel off when 
parched as in the case of peanuts. Hundreds 
of pounds of these nuts fall in September on 

the south slopes of Mission Valley opposite 
the city. 

The Simmondsia is one of our valuable na- 
tive shrubs for cultivation. It is very slow- 
growing, but that is a virtue because you 
would never have to prune it. When once 
established nothing can kill it — certainly fire 
cannot — perhaps too much water might. I 
could easily believe it lives forever, as new 
sprouts seem to push up from the roots as the 
aged branches gradually die. I have two 
bushes at Pacific Beach, eight years old, 
which are about two feet in diameter. A 
well-drained slope is essential to its growth. 


The practicability of propagating Easter 
lilies from seed, rendering us practically in- 
dependent of Japanese and Bermuda bulbs, 
has been demonstrated at the experimental 
farm of the United States Department of Ag- 
riculture, at Arlington, Va. Lily seeds have 
been brought to full flower within 15 months 
of the time of planting. The lily stalks pro- 
duced at Arlington bore from 5 to 15 blos- 
soms apiece, while from 4 to 5 has been con- 
sidered a good average by florists using the 
imported bulbs. 

The United States last year imported 
10,000,000 lily bulbs from Japan at an ex- 
pense of approximately $2,000,000. In addi- 
tion to the better results and saving of ex- 
pense, lily plants propagated from seed at 
home are found to be almost free from dis- 
eases which infest the foreign bulbs. Con- 
trary to general impression, it has been found 
that the lily is a perfectly hardy plant and 
bulbs do not need a warm climate for propa- 
gation. Bulbs planted November 1st, near 
Washington, 4 inches below the surface, are 
held dormant so that they are not injured by 
frosts, and begin development with the first 
warm weather. On the other hand, bulbs 
planted in a warmer climate commence to 
grow before cold weather and fail to winter 

The department's work in lily cultivation 
is quite revolutionary. It has attracted wide 
attention from florists and requests for propa- 
gating material in the shape of seed and bulb- 
lets have been numerous. While the depart- 
ment cannot comply with these requests, every 
one interested in growing Easter lilies from 
seed can insure himself such seed by pollinat- 
ing a few flowers of his Easter lilies this 

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X :> : ?#&7 


When the San Diego Society of Natural 
History opened, its new museum in Balboa 
Park, recently, the co-operation of the Floral 
Association was requested to the extent of 
arranging the floral decorations for the open- 
ing day. A very charming effect was attained, 
including, among other features, an ingenious 
combination of lifelike mounted specimens of 
deer in a naturalistic setting of eucalyptus, 
palms, acacias, ferns, etc. The accompanying 
cut is reproduced from a photograph by Prof. 
Kelsey. The plan of decoration was designed 
by and executed under the direction of F. L. 
Hieatt, assisted by a corps of volunteer work- 
ers from the Floral Association. 


The Garden Magazine (Doubleday, Page & 
Co., New York), a sort of namesake of the 
California Garden, will make a special rate of 
$2.00 ;per year for subscriptions to that publi- 
cation received from readers of the California 
Garden only — if you mention this magazine. 
The regular yearly rate is $3.00, so that is a 
concrete example of advantages which accrue 
to you through being a reader of the Califor- 
nia Garden. Subscriptions should be sent to 
the California Garden, Point Loma, where- 
upon they will be assembled and sent on to 
the eastern publication. 


By F. H. Collier in the St. Louis Globe- 

California would not have been content 
with the Garden of Eden if the Californians 
had been presented with that instead of an 
imitation of it. They would have set about 
tinkering with it at once. Luther Burbank 
has already changed a large part of the flora 
of that not altogether perfect land, and we 
see that another man has produced the "lime- 
quat". Its orthography reveals that it is a 
hybrid of the lime and the kumquat, an 
Indo-Chinese copartnership in which the 
"limose" qualities of one fruit are blended 
with the "quatty" characteristics of the other. 
Already the prune of the Pacific Coast has 
been rendered unrecognizable; and the logan- 
berry made one of its mysteries. The orange 
has acquired an unbiblical birthmark. The 
melon has manifested itself in as many vari- 
eties as the apple. Nature in California is 
beginning to wear a physiognomy of astonish- 
ment. Even flowers can't be sure what their 
posterity will look like. If ever there is a 
blue rose it will come from the Ultima Thule 
of the Pacific. 

The speculative stocks, like the long hand 
of a clock, tell the minutes, but the Liberty 
Bond list tells the hour. 

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The Bugbear of Snapdragon Ru^l 

By G. R. Gorton 

There is a decided parallelism between the 
diseases of plants and those of human be- 
ings, in that certain diseases develop as the 
plant — or human being — leaves the wild or 
primitive state, and commences to respond to 
culture. History does not record neurasthenia 
among savage tribes — that is a disease of civ- 
ilization. Likewise, we do not find the 
dreaded rust of snapdragons on the wild an- 
tirrhinum species. As new varieties are 
evolved and types improved — especially under 
glass — this destructive fungus has appeared. 

In a bulletin of the Illinois Experiment 
Station, G. L. Peltier reports the results of 
more or less extensive experiments carried on 
by him in the life history and control — or 
attempted control of this pest. According to 
Dr. Peltier, California, as far as is known, 
has the doubtful distinction of being the first 
known habitat of the snapdragon rust — ■ 
known scientifically as Puccinia antirrhini — 
as it was found in this state as long ago as 
1879, and has since spread to all portions of 
the United States. 

The experiments which have been con- 
ducted under Dr. Peltier, while they were 
governed more particularly by eastern condi- 
tions and cultural methods, are of almost 
equal value to growers of Antirrhinums in 

Dr. Peltier's investigations cover a period 
of several years, and were carried on under 
both greenhouse and field conditions. The 
rust attacks all portions of the plant above 
ground, and may be carried by cuttings, but, 
although the seed pods may have the spores 
upon them, seed collected from infected plants 
will not carry infection to seedlings grown 
from that seed. 

The life history of this fungus, while 
worked out carefully, as far as the patholo- 
gists have gone, is not fully known, but the 
conditions under which the rust develops and 
the results of attempts at artificial control 
have been quite fully determined and re- 

All stages of the plant are attacked — from 
cuttings and seedlings on up to plants about 
to bloom,, and all varieties of Antirrhinum 
seem to be equally susceptible. In the spray- 
ing experiments three different fungicides 
were used, to-wit: Bordeaux mixture, am- 
moniacal copper carbonate, and a proprie- 
tary preparation containing potassium sulfid. 
Rather oddly, lime-sulfur solution, the most 
widely employed fungicide in commercial use 
in California, was not used. The results 
from the different solutions, — applied weekly 
on some plots, and bi-weekly on others, were 

exactly nil, as far as any appreciable diminu- 
tion in infection was concerned. A more de- 
cided result was, however, obtained from ap- 
plying irrigation water below instead of from 
overhead with the difference in favor of the 
former method. 

A method of procedure which ought to 
yield fair results is suggested by Dr. Peltier's 
observations. In the case of a field plot 
where infected plants have been grown, it 
would seem better to substitute some other 
plants for a year or two, using a fresh plot 
and seedlings of one's own growing. And, 
of course, in the case of uninfected soil the 
purchasing of seed rather than plants would 
be indicated. 



While without doubt the main purpose of 
a flower show is to display flowers, yet it 
seems to us that it would be adding much to 
the popular value of the exhibits if a greater 
attempt were made to decorate the hall it- 
self. Of course, this is done, and done very 
well, at the spring flower show in New York, 
and at some other exhibits, but as a rule the 
committee is contented to stop when it has 
provided tables or benches and holders for 
the flowers. 

Now take the case of the Gladiolus show 
held in Boston. Without doubt many of the 
growers in New England would have been 
glad to contribute large numbers of "Glads" 
without regard to variety, for the mere adorn- 
ment of the hall. The flowers might have 
been massed in the corners or better still 
displayed on raised platforms or on shelves, 
and other decorations might have been added 
to form a picture of great beauty. This sort 
of thing, while it might not appeal especially 
to expert flower growers and those who are 
familiar with different varieties, would cer- 
tainly attract the men and women who love 
flowers simply as flowers, and are charmed 
by artistic effects, even though they may 
have no expert knowledge regarding the 
blooms displayed. 

It also seems to us that at the popular 
shows there should be a more complete label- 
ing of the flowers for the benefit of the unin- 
itiated. With signs marking the different 
groupings, as, for example, the Primulinus 
hybrids, or large collections of named varie- 
ties, seedlings and the like, the amateur visi- 
tor would get a much more comprehensive 

Continued on page 8 

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TSu® Febmaify Gardeim 


By Walter Birch. 

Well, we had our fine rain, as is usually 
the case, in seasons when we are all guessing 
on the probability of a dry winter, so it is 
now up to us to make use of the opporunities 
provided by a kind providence and "plow and 
sow" so that later we can "reap and mow". 
Taking it for granted that you already have 
the garden patch well spaded and manured, 
we will first consider the seeds to be planted. 
February calls for a pretty long list of vege- 
tables including cabbage, carrot, celery, cauli- 
flowers, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, onion seeds 
and sets, peas, radish, salsify, spinach, toma- 
toes and turnips. These can all be success- 
fully, planted now, and will come to maturity, 
varying in time from three weeks to three or 
four months, a number of them in from six 
weeks to two months. In most cases where 
the soil is well worked and has had full ad- 
vantage of the rains, there will be enough 
moisture already in the ground to bring the 
seeds well up, so that regular sprinkling (not 
in the hot sun) or irrigating by furrow, prob- 
ably once a week or possibly less, will keep 
the vegetables in a hearty state of growth, 
provided the ground is kept well stirred and 
a fine surface, to prevent too much exapora- 
tion. Remember that few things need to be 
wet. Air to keep the ground moist, particu- 
lary if it is of a clay nature, although at 
the start it must be wet several feet down, 
either by rain or irrigation, or your surface 
sprinkling will be altogether insufficient to 
give satisfactory results. Don't forget that all 
small seeds must be planted shallow, varying 
in most cases from ^4 to Yz inch. 

There are a number of roots and plants 
that can now be planted to advantage, the 
Green Globe Artichoke is a delicious vege- 
table and quite ornamental in appearance, 
growing into a large clump in a few months. 
It is a perennial and should be planted about 
three feet apart each way. Be careful to get 
plants that produce buds free of prickles, 
otherwise your time and labor is lost. 

Asparagus roots can also go in now, the 
Palmetto is the best variety, they need a rich 
soil and lots of well rotted manure. Crimson 
W T inter Rhubarb is also in season and can be 
planted in deeply spaded well manured soil, 
setting roots in the ground up to the crown, 


By Mary Matthews. 

If we wish it, with the good soaking rains 
we have just had, we can make this month 
a full planting one. Put in roses; at the 
same time send your name to the chairman 
of the rose section of the Floral Association, 
and get full benefit of his expert advice. The 
last of this month put in summer blooming 
bulbs. Of course you have been planting 
Gladiolus right along. Among the few I 
have, several are showing bloom stalks. 
These bulbs were planted in late October. 
Tigridias are showy things in the garden, — 
not good for house decoration as the flowers 
are not lasting, but succeed each other rap- 
idly. Tuberoses should be planted the last 
of the month; they need a warm sunny loca- 
tion, and lots of water as do most bulbs 
during their growing and blooming period. 
Among newer things is Acidanthera bicolor. 
This subject is very much like Gladiolus, but 
has fragrant flowers. It, heretofore, has been 
very high priced, but is now listed at a rea- 
sonable figure. Watch your Iris and Ranun- 
culus and see that the soil is kept well wat- 
ered and stirred around them. If by any 
chance you can secure a plant of Clivia min- 
iata, this is the time to do it. They are 
handsome things, with foliage very like the 
Agapanthus, evergreen and have flowers of a 
reddish orange, shading to buff. They in- 
crease slowly, consequently are rather high 
in price. Some good plants were loaned to 
the Floral Association last year for our bulb 
show. My desire for new things in the bulb 
line is only curbed by my pocketbook. Cannas 
can be divided and replanted. They are gor- 
geous in large clumps and at the back of a 
broad border, and make a good dividing line 
between small lots. Start 'most anything 
you wish now, putting the more delicate ones 
in boxes. Quantities of Dahlia and Zinnia 
seed novelties are being listed in the new 
catalogs — some may not be all that is prom- 
ised for them, but it will be interesting to try 
out a few of them. It looked at the Fall 
Flower Show as though a Zinnia Society 
would have to be formed, there were so many 
of them — all kinds and colors. It is won- 
derful the way Marigolds and Zinnias have 
come to the front. 

In your planting be sure and include some 

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Continued from page 5 

about three feet apart. Asparagus roots 
should be planted 8 or 10 inches deep in well 
manured soil setting plants from 18 inches to 
2 feet apart in the row, rows three feet apart. 
During the first year the space between the 
rows can be used for other vegetables. Horse 
radish roots can also be planted in a shady 
place where there is plenty of moisture and 
deep rich soil. 

Strawberry plants set out now will, with 
the right soil and good care produce berries 
in April, the Carolinas are one of the best 
everbearing strawberries on the market. Now 
is the ideal season of the year to get your 
lawn in good trim. Go over it with a heavy 
rake and get rid of anything in the way of 
small rubbish and all the devil grass possible, 
then get your lawn mower and give it a close 
cutting, going over it four different directions. 
Then apply a good top dressing of commer- 
cial fertilizer, wetting it down enough with 
the sprinkler to work it into the roots. You 
will be surprised to find that in about ten 
days you will have a velvety green lawn. If 
the sod is old and run down, in addition to 
the foregoing sow one pound of white clover 
to one thousand square feet of lawn, it will 
help matters wonderfully. 

If you are planting out any deciduous fruit 
trees, do not loiter. January and February 
are the two best planting months. Don't be 
afraid to cut them well back when you get 
them from the nursery, 3 to 4 feet high is 
about right. Whips are never satisfactory, 
and your future tree is spoilt before you get 
started, as the first, second and third years 
are the important ones in shaping your fu- 
ture tree. 


Continued from page 5 

thing for "fillers", as they are called. Mig- 
nonette is charming with the yellow Narcissus, 
Ageratum, and the similar Eupatorium in 
blue or white are good, — also the Thalictrum 
or "Meadow Rue". The newer Artimisia lac- 
tiflora I have tried over and over, but the 
snails or cutworms were always ahead of me. 
One of our florists had in a window last sea- 
son a mass of feathery green with minute 
white flowers. This upon closer examination 
proved to be Coriander. 

Many shrubs can be planted this month; 
all sweet herbs put in, if you wish fragrance 
as well as greenery in your garden. I read 
somewhere the other day that Buddleias for 
Pall blooming should be started from cuttings 
now. After they start growth they need rich 
soil, sun, and plenty of water. Start Chrys- 
anthemums now by separating the old clumps 
and taking the new strong shoots, throwing 
away the old wood. 'Mumis have come to 
their own again. We have a Chrysanthemum 
expert in our midst, who, I hope, will some 
day give us a talk on the subject. 




In naming the committeemen in charge of 
the El Monte Oaks project, in the last num- 
ber of the Garden, the name of Mr. P. L. 
Hieatt was inadvertently omitted. This is the 
more regrettable inasmuch as Mr. Hieatt has 
been actively associated, not only with this 
matter from its inception, but also with that 
of the street tree planting in San Diego. The 
name of Mr. Templeton Johnson suffered the 
same fate, and to both these gentlemen a 
sincere apology is tendered. It seems any- 
way, lately, as if we spent our ispare moments 
— if there is any such animal — explaining 
away or correcting some boner of the over- 
busy editor. We can only hope for the best 
in the future. G. R. G. 

Cut Flowers 
Floral Designs 

Miss Rain ford 

1115 Fourth Si. 

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The January meeting was held at the resi- 
dence of Miss Alice Lee. The attendance was 
excellent, considering the rainy weather. The 
minutes of the last meeting were read and 

President Gorton announced that Theodore 
Payne would give an illustrated talk at the 
next meeting on the "Cultivation of Califor- 
nia Wild Flowers". He also urged all lovers 
of roses to join the Rose Club section of 
which Mr. Hieatt is chairman. 

Mr. Hieatt spoke on the desirability of the 
Floral Association assisting with suggestions 
on the decoration of San Diego churches, es- 
pecially at Easter, in order that beautiful 
Easter decorations be made a feature of San 
Diego churches. Whereupon the following 
resolution was adopted: "Resolved that the 
Floral Association appoint a permanent com- 
mittee, whose function shall be to get in 
touch with the Ministerial Association and 
offer suggestions to decoration committees of 
the several churches on the artistic decorating 
of churches for Easter." 

Mr. Scott, of the Natural History Museum, 
spoke on the project of making Mission Bay 
a sea park and sanctuary for water birds. A 
resolution was then adopted favoring the pro- 
hibition of hunting on Mission Bay and urg- 
ing the co-operation of the Fish and Game 
Commission in carrying out the purposes of 
the resolution. 

The matter of dumping rubbish in city 
canyons was brought up by Mr. App. He 
urged the necessity of presenting the subject 
to the Council with enough strength and 
backing to secure action. The Chamber of 
Commerce, Civic Association and Floral Asso- 
ciation will act together on the petition. Mr. 
App presented a resolution which was 
adopted, the substance of which was that the 
proper city department be requested to make 
a survey of all city lots and canyons on which 
rubbish is being dumped contrary to existing 
laws and that the proper authorities take 
such action as may be necessary to prevent 
any further violations of such laws or to make 
other laws that shall be more effective. 

Mrs. Eloise Roorbach brought a greeting 
from the "Garden Magazine". Mr. Barron, 
the editor intends to make the December 
number of each year a California issue and 
invites California Gardeners to contribute to 
his magazine. As a token of interest in our 
western "Garden" the eastern "Garden" will 
give a subscription to members of the Floral 
Association for $2 a year instead of $3. Mrs. 
Roorbach hoped that through the mutual help 
of the two garden magazines the horticultural 

interests of the east and west would be drawn 
closer together. 

Mr. Gorton then introduced the subject of 
the evening — "Shrubs, Native, Fragrant and 
Low Growing". The following points were 

By Mr. Gorton: For the busy flower lover 
it is possible to secure more blossom returns 
from shrubs with a minimum attention. 
Low-growing shrubs should be used more fre- 
quently, especially in the park at corners. 

By M^r. Scott: Native shrubs like Lemon- 
ade, Berry, Toyon, Holly-leafed Cherry, Sim- 
mondsia, Elderberry and Matilija Poppy 
should be used in parks and avenue planting 
because they need a minimum of care and 

By Miss Sessions: Low-growing shrubs 
should be more widely planted in small plots. 
Some of the best are Raphiolepis ovata be- 
cause it has fewer faults and more virtues 
than any other; Creeping Cotoneaster (C. 
microphylla), Coxtoneaster horizontalis, and 

By Miss Lee: The Association should fur- 
nish information to tourists about the wild 
floral displays of our back country, perhaps a 
monthly directory during spring to such cen- 
ters as the Chamber of Commerce, Auto Club 
of Southern California, etc. 






Teach me, Father, how to go 
Softly as the grasses grow; 
Hush my soul to meet the shock 
Of the wild world as a rock; 
But my spirit, propt with power, 
Make as simple as a flower. 
Let the dry heart fill its cup 
Like a poppy looking up; 
Let life lightly wear her crown 
Like a poppy looking down, 
When its heart is filled with dew, 
And its life begins anew. 

Teach me, Father, how to be 
Kind and patient as a tree. 
Joyfully the crickets croon 
Under the shady oak at noon; 
Beetle, on his mission bent, 
Tarries in that cooling tent. 
Let me also cheer a spot, 
Hidden field or garden grot — 
Place where passing souls can rest 
On the way and be their best. 

— Edwin Markham. 

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Little Journeys To Our Neighbors' Gardens 

By Special Garden Reporters. 

Rambling through a very small section of 
town, just within a few blocks of each other 
many interesting and beautiful things were 
seen. In the garden of Mrs. Ernest White, 
Redwood and Second streets, our attention 
was first attracted by a fine specimen of 
Strelitzia regina, — Bird of Paradise — which 
has made a very unusual growth for this very 
tropical plant. One branching stalk, which is 
rather unusual, showing fine blooms; numer- 
ous other flower stalks are pushing up, giving 
promises for later on. This plant is growing 
in the open under trees and has an eastern 
exposure. Primulas, cinerarias and schizan- 
thus were planted in the borders, and just 
near the entrance is growing probably one of 
the largest Leptospermums in town. At the 
first glance one thinks surely it must be a fine 
oak removed from its southern home. 

Then just a block away one comes to the 
home of Miss Coulter, where against the wall 
are to be seen two large specimens of Heather 
(South African) in full bloom. Through the 
openings in the garden wall one catches 
glimpses of many a flower and shrub. 

Any one visiting this portion of San Diego 
must not fail to see the plaster houses built 
by Miss Lee. With their Italian architecture, 
the formal planting of cypress, and the shrub- 
bery on the canyon sides they are most at- 
tractive and might well be copied in similar 
locations. From here we journeyed to the 
junction of Albatross and Walnut streets, to 
the old DeFoe property, now the home of Dr. 
E. Newell Case. As one comes up to it, he 
involuntarily exclaims, "A Bit of Old San 

A nearer view shows a front yard filled 
with rare cacti and other succulents; Euphor- 
bias, Aloes, Sedums, Echeverias, — in fact, all 
the classes of succulents in the choicest kinds 
are there. Then, too, the yard contains large 
fruiting trees of the genus Annona — Custard 
Apple, Sour Saps, etc. We are not up on 
these botanically, but the samples given us 
were delicious. Various kinds of guavas, figs, 
and plums give a feast of fruit the year 
'round, the owners say, and then, not by any 
means the least of all was the cordial wel- 
come given the Garden reporters. 

Another interesting planting and a good ex- 
ample of what can be done with a narrow lot 
extending down to a canyon, is the home of 
Mrs. M. A. Greer, adjoining the Brandegee 
home, — one of San Diego's, and in fact, Cali- 
fornia's landmarks in the horticultural world. 
Here all available planting spots have been 
used; bulbs and herbaceous plants are tucked 
in everywhere. In front is a fine redwood 

brought from the north as a sapling six years 
ago. It is now ten feet or more in height, 
with spreading branches, and each season fur- 
nishes Christmas greens. At the northwest, 
on the slope, is a fine specimen of our native 
Matilija poppy, Romneya coulteri, sending up 
luxuriant growth and always in bloom to fur- 
nish decoration at the time of our annual 

Probably the finest and least known speci- 
men in this yard is the Parkinsonia aculeata, 
— locally "Palo Verde". From a mere switch 
it has grown into a large tree, and from it, 
according to the statement of the owner, 
may be cut "wagonloads" of branches with 
their dainty orchid-like blooms. 

Anyone paying a visit to this portion of 
the city cannot fail to find much of interest 
and of educational value. More anon. 

M. G. & M. M. 


Continued from page 4 

knowledge of the whole exhibit. Many peo- 
ple go to these shows for the express pur- 
pose of choosing blooms which they would 
like growing in their gardens, and sometimes 
they are handicapped because of the incom- 
plete labeling. — Horticulture. 

(The question of decoration at flower shows 
is something which must be left to the indi- 
vidual fancy of the management. Too much 
in this direction is likely to detract from the 
general effect of the show as drawing atten- 
tion away from the central idea of the par- 
ticular flower which is being shown. 

We agree with Horticulture that the label- 
ing of flowers is improperly attended to. Not 
only are the labels usually small, but some- 
times illegible, even to those who know va- 
rieties, and to the public they mean nothing. 
Labels should consist of cards, either printed 
or plainly written with large letters, so that 
"he who runs may read." Whether it is the 
duty of each separate exhibitor to attend to 
this or not is a question. It would seem 
more properly to be for the exhibition commit- 
tee or those in charge of the show. As an 
educational proposition flower shows are often 
a failure for the reason .stated. While the 
casual visitor may get a general idea of the 
show he does not carry away with him lasting 
impressions as he would if groups of flowers 
were designated and varieties clearly labeled 
with names. W T e commend what Horticulture 
has to say on this subject to the attention of 
those in charge of flower shows.) 

Madison Cooper in The Flower Grower. 

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By Constance D. Bower. 

These are the ferns which are primarily for 
garden or lath house culture and not for 
growing in pots. They may be planted either 
in the fall or ispring, but they desire to be 
left undisturbed during the winter season. 
The foliage of most of them dies down, but 
there are various ones which remain ever- 
green. Both sorts should be planted in order 
to thoroughly enjoy the hardy ferns. 

A Massachusetts firm which deals almost 
exclusively in hardy ferns and plants, is a reg- 
ular treasure house, when it comes to making 
up a collection of these plants. The perusal 
of this catalogue on an early spring day, es- 
pecially after a rain, is liable to bring on an 
acute attack of "fernitis". 

The writer has grown a number of the 
eastern hardy ferns with good success. Cali- 
fornia and the northwest states have very 
beautiful wild ferns which grow nicely in 
one's garden — if they are not petted too much. 

A very few varieties thrive in the open sun, 
so a damp, shady location is to be preferred. 
Again, in planting hardy ferns as well as the 
more tender sorts, care must be given not to 
crowd out the delicate ones with the rank 
growers. The proper soil is a mixture of fair 
garden soil, plenty of leaf mould and a small 
amount of well rotted manure. As good 
drainage is very essential, slightly raised beds 
are best. Varieties producing "crowns" 
should have these "crowns" exposed and not 
covered with earth. Those growing from root 
stocks should not be planted over an inch 

The following kinds go to make up a nice 

Adiantum pedatum 

Aspidium Felix-mas 

Aspidium Goldianum 

Aspidium marginale 

Aspidium munitum 

Aspidium Noveboracense 

Asplenium augustifolium 

Asplenium Pelix-foemina 

Asplenium Trichomanes 

Asplenium viride 

Camptosorus rhizophyllus 

Cryptogramma acrostichoides 

Dicksonia puntilobula 

Lygodium palmatum 

Onoclea sensibilis 

Osmunda Claytoniana 

Woodwardia Auguistifolia. 


The Burlingame Club of San Diego has ap- 
propriated $600,00 for tree planting along 
the istreets of the district of that name. The 
trees selected are Cocos plumosa and Acacia 

melanoxylon. The work is to be commenced 
at once. 

It is of mutual advantage to mention the 
California Garden when responding to adver- 
tisements therein. 

The California Garden will appreciate it, 
its advertisers will appreciate it, if you men- 
tion this magazine, and you will thank the 
Garden for directing you to the reputable 
firms represented on its pages. 


There's a shady way on a sunny day, 

And I love to linger in it. 
Where great trees meet above the street, 

And soft cool breezes glean it. 
Where pepper trees and walnut trees 

And tall straight palm trees grow, 
And those who seek a safe retreat 

From the sun at noonday go. 

God bless the hand that planted trees 

Along this shady way! 
His work shall live and service give 

Through many a sultry day, 
And may we learn, each in our turn, 

To do the kindly deed. 
That sweetens life and lessens strife 

And fills a human need. 

— -W. W. Ayers in The San Diego Union. 

Couldn't Be 

TOAST made on an Electric Toaster 
right at the table as you want it 
has a warm deliciousness and crispy 
goodness that will be a new sensation 
to your palate Besides, making toast 
on an Electric Toaster is much quick- 
er, cleaner and easier than any other 


San Diego Consolidated Gas 
and Electric Company 

935 Sixth Street 

Home 4HQ Sunset Main 64 

H. M. Byllesby & Company 

Engineers-Managers , Chicago 

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FOR NEW PLANTS. {Continued) 

Hears of Railway Wrecks. 

Dr. Shantz spent 10 days there and a 
month at Kafue a little farther north in 
Northern Rhodesia, where a delay was caused 
by the sickness of two members of the party. 
At this point word was received of a railway 
wreck on the Congo Railway, in which two 
members of the original party were killed 
and two injured and forced to return to 
America. This news, coupled with the sick- 
ness in camp, was the darkest part of the 
trip and threatened at one time to terminate 
the expedition, so far as Central Africa was 

Mr. Raven, of the Smithsonian Institution, 
and Dr. Shantz decided to keep on through 
the Congo. Here for the first time the party 
encountered a lack of adequate provision for 
traveling. From there on practically no ho- 
tels and no provision for food for travelers 
were found, although in some cases the cap- 
tains on the ships on the Congo were kind 
enough to allow the travelers to mess with 
them, and at certain points grass huts had 
been provided as temporary quarters for 

This section was particularly interesting 
to the agricultural explorer because of the 
immense number of wild sorghum grasses 
which were found all along the line, as well 
as interesting vegetable and food plants used 
by the natives as well as their rather unique 
methods of agriculture. 

The two men proceeded down as far as 
Kindu, which is situated about midway be- 
tween the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans 
and about three degrees south of the Equator. 

From here they proceeded to Lake Tan- 
ganyika by way of Albertsville. This was in- 
teresting country because here was located 
Ujiji, where Stanley found Livingstone, and 
a few miles north, Kigoma, the terminus of 
the railway line leading from the Indian 
Ocean at Dares-Salam. Here were found the 
finest mangoes yet encountered, fruits of un- 
usual size and flavor, as well as many in- 
teresting types of beans, castorbeans, cassava 
(tapioca), and many wild grasses which may 
prove to be of forage value in the northern 
parts of the United States. 

A visit to the new Belgian territory of 
Irundi offered opportunity to study probably 
the finest grazing land in all Africa, a region 
which supports millions of natives, who rely 
almost entirely upon cattle which graze upon 
the natural grasses of this great upland coun- 

At Tabora, farther east, known as the 
home of the mango, wonderful trees and 
fruits were found. At Dares-es-Salam the 
cocoanut palm is one of the most important 
crops and has been planted on the sandy 
lands which extend for many miles back from 
the coast. 

In Zanzibar, principally noted for the pro- 
duction of cloves and for the expensive groves 
of cocoanut palm and many tropical and sub- 
tropical plants, Dr. Shantz obtained and sent 
home seeds and plants of a number of Im- 
portant fruits and also many of the staple 
grains and legumes grown in various parts 
of the East Coast of Africa and sold on the 
Zanzibar market. 

Returning to the mainland at Tanga, Dr. 
Shantz proceeded across German East Africa 
to near Kilimanjaro, one of the most won- 
derful mountains in the world, and the base 
of which is a very rich agricultural country. 
Here are great plantations of sisal, rubber, 
and coffee, and many important forage 

Sees Large Wild Herds 

From here the party passed through Voy 
and from Voy to Nairobi, the seat of the ag- 
ricultural department for East Africa, and 
here much help was secured from the local 
authorities. An extensive trip was also made 
into the desert country north and east of 
Mount Kenia, and the principal varieties of 
tropical crops grown by the natives in this 
section were secured. Dr Shantz also se- 
cured here a notable nut plant called telfae- 
ria, which forms a large gourd 2 or 3 feet 
long containing a large number of seeds of 
a delicious nutty flavor, about 1 inch in dia- 
meter and one-quarter of an inch through, 
which taste something like our butternut. 
Although this plant has not yet been tried in 
this country, it seems probable that it can 
be grown here, at least in the phillippines 
and possibly in Hawaii and Porto Rico. 

The trip west to Lake Victoria across 
Uganda and down to the Sudan was through 
a region comparatively little known by our 
department, but in which many of our crop 
plants are grown, and which undoubtedly 
can supply many native plants of importance 
in the future development of our agriculture. 

The trip down the Nile from the very 
headwaters at Ripon Falls was most inter- 
esting because of the immense development 
of native grasses and grain sorghums which 
almost everywhere line the banks of the 

Continued on page 12 

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Edited hy Carroll De Wilton 


Tell others about your garden, whether at 
home or school. Your success will help us 
and if you are in trouble we can help you. 
The three best letters of about 10 words 
will be printed every month. Address Editor 
Boys' and Girls' Page, California Garden. 

Having received no letters this month I 
will have to fill up this column myself. I 
will tell you about a visit to the Lincoln 
School Garden. 

I wish all young gardeners could see the 
excellent garden which the children of the 
Lincoln School have made under the super- 
vision of Miss Catherine Wood. On the morn- 
ing I was there in mid-January, there were 
about twenty boys and girls in the garden. 
Some were spading up new ground for plant- 
ing, others were transplanting young lettuce 
and cabbage seedlings and still other were 
making ditches for irrigating. These boys 
rnd girls were not only learning how to pro- 
duce food but were getting invaluable train- 
ing in co-operation. They were learning to 
be good citizens. 

That this school garden was ideally planned 
is evident from its appearance. A good gar- 
dener (especially in California) should be 
planting and harvesting the entire year. So I 
was glad to see peas hanging on the vines and 
young onions large enough to flavor soup and 
cauliflower plants ready to bud, and thriving 
rows of carrots, beets and spinach. At the 
same time there were beds of young lettuce 
and onions ready to transplant and plots be- 
ing spaded up ready to receive them. That is 
my idea of a well-planned garden. Since we 
have to eat every week we ought to be plant- 
ing and gathering vegetables every week. 

Very interesting to me was the lath house. 
I saw dozens of flats of flower and tree seed- 
lings — pansies and cosmos, sugar gums and 
peppers — and all kinds of cuttings being 
rooted. Everything seemed in first-class con- 
dition and in order. It was a pleasure to 
see this lath house. It looked as thought the 
workers in it were getting pleasure and 
knowledge and health all at the same time. 
I wonder if these children of San Diego ap- 
preciate being able to learn outdoors at a 
time of year when eastern children are either 
shivering or being roasted while they study 


I was also glad to see some seedling peach 
trees for budding this spring, and a long bed 
of wild uowers just coming up. There were 
some bits of lingering summer bloom along 


Scott, Natural History Museum 

the fence and a fine cluster of sea dahlias in 
blossom. The sea dahlia is one of the prize 
wild flowers of California and one of the most 
valuable for cultivation. 

Now I am sure there are other model school 
gardens in San Diego that I have not seen. 
But this is to say that there is certainly one 
in front of the Lincoln School.. And I am 
sure there are lots of home gardens that have 
interesting stories hidden among the rows of 
potatoes or the beds of nasturtiums. Who 
will tell us some of these stories for March. 


Who Knows? 

(1) How a bat sleeps. 

(2) The difference between nectar and 

(3) Why a dog turns round before he lies 

Answers to January Questions: 

( 1 ) The gopher helped make our garden 
soil by working it over, mixing into it vege- 
tation which decayed to make humus. 

(2) If we kill off the large hawks the 
country will be overrun with mice and ground 
squirrels that eat up our farm crops. 

(3) The big cyclonic storms that bring 
nine-tenths of our rain have not come far 
enough south this winter. 


I have made many gardens, some little, 
some large, some for fun, others to raise food 
to eat or to sell by the truck load to commis- 
sion men. But I shall never forget my very 
first garden. Perhaps you would like to hear 
about it. 

When I was seven years old I went to a 
County Pair at Escondido, for I lived not far 
from that town. This was before Escondido 
became famous for its Grape Days. A man 
at one of the booths became interested in me 
and gave me an ear of popcorn a<s a parting 
gift. No doubt he meant for me to eat it in 
the form of buttered popcorn. But I told my 
father I wanted to plant it, so he put it away. 

Next April, when everybody began to plant, 
I remembered my ear of popcorn. My father 
gave me a little plot of garden and I filled it 
with rows of popcorn. By the time I had 
used up my garden space I had the gardening 
fever very badly. So my mother gave me 
some sunflower seeds to plant for her hens. 

Nobody, I suppose, expected my garden 
would amount to anything. But I hoed and 
pulled weeds and the ground was rich and I 
had probably inherited some gardening in- 
stinct from my grandfather, who was a big 

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The California Garden Floral Association Meetings 

G. R. Gorton, Editor 
Office, 945 Seventh St., San Diego, Cal. 


The San Diego Floral Association 

Main Office, Point Loma, California 


G. R. Gorton, President 

Mrs. Mary A. Greer, Vice-President 

Wm. P. Brothers, Treasurer 

Carroll De Wilton Scott, Secretary 

F. L. Hieatt, 

Miss Mary Mathews, Miss K. O. Sessions 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 1910, at 
the Post office at Point Loma, California, under the Act 
of March 3. 1879. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San 

Diego Retail Merchants Association. 

Subscription, $1.00 per year 


One Page $10.00 Half Page, $5.00 

Quarter Page 2.50 Eighth Page 1.50 

Advertising Copy should be in by the 20th of each Month 

Elite Printing Co.* 

>945 7th St., San Diego 


Continued from page IO 

Nile. Seeds of these plants were secured at 
many different stations. The agriculture, 
methods of irrigation and cultivation, espec- 
ially in the upper and lower Sudan, were of 
especial interest to an American agriculturist. 

The African expedition ended at Port Su- 
dan September 2, 1920. Dr. Shantz brought 
with him about 300 photographs in addition 
to the many plant specimens sent or brought 

The living plant material is now growing 
in the various plant introduction gardens of 
the department preparatory to being distrib- 
uted later to experiment stations and special 
experimenters in different parts of the coun- 


Continued fro?n page II 

plantation owner in the south in his day — at 
any rate my popcorn and sunflowers seemed 
trying to outgrow each other every day. I 
have forgotten most of the details now except 
that when the popcorn was ripe it was so per- 
fect that my father sent some large stalks to 
the San Diego Chamber of Commerce. 

Although I never eat popcorn I still plant 
some every year at Pacific Beach, just to see 
it grow — perhaps also because I formed the 
popcorn habit at such an early age. 

February 15, 1921 — 8 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Bledsoe Furniture Com- 

Subject — "Conservation of California Wild 
Flowers and Shrubs." Illustrated with stere- 

Speaker — Mr. Theodore Payne of Los Ange- 

March 1 — 2:30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Botanical Building and 
Japanese Garden in Balboa Park. 

Speaker or Guide — Mr. John Morley. 

March 15, 1921—8. p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. Hugo Klauber's Res- 
idence 2 62 6 Park avenue. 

Subject — "Gladiolus", "Iris". 

April 5, 1921 — 2:30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. Julius Wangenhein's 
Garden, 148 Juniper street. Spring Bulb 

April 19, 1921—^8 

Place of Meeting- 

p. m. 
Mr. F. 

L. Hieatt's Resi- 

dence, 1825 Sheridan drive. 

Subject — -"Roses." 

May 3, 1921 — 2:30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. Percy Whitehead's 
and neighboring' gardens, 4474 Hortensia 

May 17, 1921 — 8 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. A. H. Sweet's Resi- 
dence 435 W T est Spruce street. 

Subject — ."Planting for Shady Places", 

June 7, 1921 — 2.30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Miss Ellen Scripp's Resi- 
dence in La Jolla. 

June 21, 1921, 8 p. m. ANNUAL MEET- 

Place of Meeting — Southern California Mu- 
sic Co., 630 C street. 

July 5, 1921 — 2:30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mrs. C. W. Darling's 
Garden, Chula Vista. 

July 19, 1921 — £ p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. W. L. Frevert's 
Lathhouse, 353 5 First street. 

Subject — "Lathhouses." 

August 2, 1921 — 2:30 p. m. 

Place of Meeting — Mr. Alfred Robinson's 
Lathhouse, Point Loma. 

August 16, 1921 — 8 p. m. 

Place of Meeting, Mr. George Becker's Resi- 
dence, 2434 A street. 

Subject — '"Ferns." 

FARM WANTED — Wanted to hear from own- 
er of farm or good land worth the price 
asked. L. Jones, Box 551, Olney, 111. 

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Commercial .'. Savings .'. Trust "V 
Safe Deposit .'. Bond / 

Southern Trust & Commerce Bank 


Flower Seeds and Bedding Plants 

Realizing the Growing Demands for the ORNAMENTAL 
GARDEN in San Diego and vicinity, we have by far the LARG- 
we have ever carried, for the COMING SEASON NOW BE- 

Ask for our 1921 Catalogue. 


"The Seed Service Store " 909 Sixth Street, near E 

Sty? lEXitt printing (totjrang 

□ 1 "' « HE " =" -i n 

Hnw Jfartg-Jfitw &roentlj &tmt 
&an lipgn, (Ealtfnnria 

ptjatM?, mm 5B4 #* Hitters 


Grass Seed — Kentucky Blue Grass and White Clover. Choice 
Clean Seed, free from weeds and of high germination. Wizard 
Fertilizer for lawns, flowers, shrubs, trees, ferns, quickly avail- 
able, odorless and lasting. Use only one-quarter of the usual 
amount of commercial fertilizer. 

All garden seeds and plants in season. 


m. c. waid 522 Sixth St., San Diego t. a. young 

"For Success — Buy the Best" 

IF your Kodak pictures mean more to you than scraps 
of paper — 

IF they are records of happy occasions, comradeship and 
delights of nature — 

IF they are to you things of beauty and a joy forever — 
Then, by all means, have them finished in 


We cannot describe or explain it here, but some 
day you'll be grateful for this suggestion 

Kodak finishing done for the 
present and future — 


Harold A-Taqlor 
' CbmpatuJ w 

1139 Sixth Street, San Diego 

litttumtig lExitttfitntt Uttiuxn* 

The San Diego Floral Association has arranged for four 
lectures by Francis M. Fultz, to be given in the First Unitar- 
ian Church. The dates and subjects are as follows : 



All of the lectures will be illustrated with beautifully col- 
ored slides. No admission will be charged, but a silver offer- 
ing will be taken to cover the expenses. This is the first time 
Mr. Fultz has lectured on these subjects in San Diego, and 
many of his slides are being shown for the first time this year.